Although theses miniature dairy goats have been considered more of a novelty than true dairy animals for many years. Nigerian Dwarfs offer several advantages to the home dairy. Three Dwarfs can be kept in the space needed to keep one standard goat, so with staggered breeding year-round milk supply is easier to achieve. They breed year round; multiple births are common. Four per litter is the average; though there have been births of as many as seven. Being a smaller animal they are easier to handle and transport. Zoos initially brought miniature goats to the US to feed large cats, and have in their displays. The gentle nature of the minis led to their popularity as pets. Nigerian Dwarfs and the Pygmy breed share the same genetics base, but over time breeder selection split them into two distinct breeds. Once considered at risk, Nigerians have benefited from increases in their popularity as a dairy goat. What’s more, they are considered dual-purpose animals, provide both milk and meat. Consequently, this breed is of peculiar interested to small farmers. The American Livestock Breeds Conservancy now designates Nigerians as recovering on their Conservation Priority List. The head, limbs, and body of a Nigerian goat are proportionate, a condition known as pituitary dwarfism. In 1981, the AGS was the first registry to recognize the Nigerian as a dairy goat. The International Dairy Goat Registry started recording the breed in 1982. The breed was accepted into the ADGA registry in 2005. Before these dates, Nigerian goats were considered solely a pet breed. Nigerian Dwarfs are perfectly proportioned miniature dairy goats, capable of milking three to four pounds of 6-10 percent butterfat per day. Kathleen Clapps of Texas was the first breeder to enter Nigerian Dwarf goats into an official milk test. Her goat earned Advanced Registry Star Milker status with 427 pounds of milk, 25 pounds of fat, and 20 pounds of protein. This level of production, not out of the ordinary, for a traditional dairy goat, showed that Nigerians could successfully meet the standards set by larger breeds. Nigerian Dwarfs enjoy people and can become attached to their owners. Of course, these traits may lead to a ‘talkative’ goat that lets you know when he/she wants something! Because of their small size, Nigerians are a favorite with 4-H families. Gentle, personable Nigerians can be any color. The original Nigerian-type goats from Africa were black, a recessive color. Crossbreeding established the breed and gave today’s Nigerian Dwarf a variety of colors and patterns. The Nigerian breed standard set by the ADGA includes short, fine hair; a straight or dished face; and erects, alert ears of medium length. Does are required to stand no more than 22.5 inches and bucks no more than 23.5 inches. This height was established after years of wrangling by breeders. Both sexes weigh on average 75 pounds or less.